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Detailed itinerary of Sight Seeing in and around Kathmandu-Sankhu-Nagarkot-Changunarayan-Patan
The Kathmandu Valley is home to the country's most spectacular artistic & architectural. Achievements, complemented by the backdrop of the verdant hills and the awe-inspiring peaks of the Himalaya. Clusters of temples and palaces stand as reminders of the region's rich cultural history. Kathmandu and Bhaktapur, each boast a Durbar Square filled with brick-and wooden temples and unrivalled metal works crafted by the valley's indigenous Newari people, who are among South Asia's foremost artisans. Our tour offers the perfect blend to experience Nepal for you - one that is sure to provide a lifetime of wonderful memories. You'll stroll the bustling streets of Kathmandu, Asia's hippie capital, visit temples, go on elephant back in search of Royal Bengal tigers, leopards, rhinos and other wild game in their natural habitat, stay at some of the best hotels and lodges in Nepal.
Sight seeing in and around Kathmandu (Kathmandu durbar square, Swyambhunath, Pashupatinath, Bauddha, etc)
Kathmandu Durbar SquareDurbar Square
The Kathmandu Durbar Square holds the palaces of the Malla and Shah kings who ruled over the city. Along with these palaces, the square also surrounds quadrangles revealing courtyards and temples. The square is presently known as Hanuman Dhoka, a name derived from the statue of Hanuman, the monkey devotee of Lord Ram, near the entrance of the palace. The oldest temples in the square are those built by Mahendra Malla (1560-1574).
They are the temples of Jagannath, Kotilingeswara Mahadev, Mahendreswara, and the Taleju Temple. Jayaprakash Malla, the last Malla king to rule Kathmandu, built a temple for Kumari, Durga in her virginal state. The temple was named Kumari Bahal and was structured like a typical Newari vihara.
In his house resides the Kumari, an immature girl who is revered as the living goddess. He also made a chariot for Kumari and in the courtyard had detailed terra cotta tiles of that time laid down. One can also buy the things of interest such as curious, arts and crafts and jewelleries.
At the top of a knoll on the west of Kathmandu, they're one of the famous temples in Nepal. Swayambhunath Stupa. Because of there are many wild monkeys in the area, it is also very well known as Monkey temple. This is one of the important places for study of the Buddhism; it has a history of up to 2500 years.
The Stupa has the eyes of the Buddha painted on the four sides; it represented the invisible power of the Buddha. In between the eyes, there is a sign that look like a question mark (?) at the position of the nose; it is actually the number 1 in Nepalese language.
It represents the unity of the universal. The Stupa has classic structure. At the white half globe base, first level is round which represents the Earth; second level is square which represents the Air; third level is triangle which represents Water; forth level is an umbrella which represents Fire; fifth level is spiral shape which represents Live.
The Great Stupa is five km. to the north-east of Kathmandu . It is surrounded by many gompas and an arcade of shops. Since the hippie influx, tourism has brought new opportunities to the area and there are Tibetan, Tamang, and Sherpa and Newari people living there.
This Stupa is the largest Buddhist structure in Nepal , and has been a power place and an important site of pilgrimage since its construction. On their way north out of the Valley, caravans of salt traders, monks, lamas and others made an obligatory stop here to perform protection and prosperity rituals. Nepalese historians trace the construction of the Stupa to the early reign of Manadeva who ruled Nepal in the fifth century CE.
Drive from Kathmandu to Sankhu by car (it takes about one and half hour ), trek Sankhu to Nagarkot (it takes about three and half hours), stay overnight in Nagarkot.
Trek Nagarkot to Changunarayan (it takes about three hours), drive back to Kathmandu via Bhaktapur from Changunarayan by car (it takes about one and half hour)
Sight seeing in Patan
Patan Krishana Mandir
The ancient city is situated on the southern bank of the river Bagmati and is about five kms southeast of Kathmandu. The city is full of Buddhist monuments and Hindu temples with fine bronze gateways, guardian deities and wonderful carvings. Noted for its craftsmen and metal workers, it is known as the city of artists. Patan is the oldest of the three ancient city-kingdoms of the Kathmandu valley which once ruled by the mallas. Patan is still populated mostly by Newars, two-thirds of them being Buddhist. As in Kathmandu and Bhaktapur, a fusion prevails between Hinduism and Buddhism. Also, as in those cities, Patan has a Durbar Square and a labyrinth of winding lanes. The square boasts of many famous sites and unique architecture.
Krishna Mandir in the Patan Durbar Square was built to honor an incarnation of Vishnu. Krishna fought by the side of the Pandavs in the Mahabharat war to assure that truth would prevail. This temple is the best example of stone architecture in Nepal. Scenes from the Mahabharat, Asia's greatest mythological war, are carved on the temple's wall. The Bhimsen Temple which honors Bhim - great wrestler, brother of the Pandavs, and a deity to Nepalese businessmen - contains fine samples of metal craft. The best place, however, to see metal sculpture is the Hiranya Varna Mahabihar, the "Golden Temple". It is a Newar monastery which contains wall painting, fourteenth century statues, and scriptures. Other sites including the Mahabouddha Temple and Uku Bahal are only a few minutes walk away from the square. The streets in this area are home to metal sculptors of the present day. Many more temples dedicated to Ganesh, the elephant-headed god, Shiva, Narsingha, Taleju, and others are situated in the Patan Durbar Square.
Sight seeing in Bhaktapur
bhaktapurSituated at an altitudue of 1,401 m. Bhaktapur covers an area of 4 square miles. Shaped like a conch-shell. Bhaktapur means the city of devotees. Pottery and weaving are its traditional industries. The city lies about 14 kilometres East of Kathmandu and can be reached by public transport and by trolley buses. The major sightseeing places in Bhaktapur include:
Durbar Square: The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces like the Lion Gate, the Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, the Picture Gallery, the Golden Gate, the Palace of 55 windows, the Batsala temple and the Bell of barking dogs, etc. The statue of the King Bhupatindra Malla in the act of worship is placed on a column facing the palace. Of the many statues available in Nepal this is considered to be the most magnificent.
The Palace of 55 Windows: was built in the seventeenth century by King Bhupatindra Malla. Among the brick walls with their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony of 55 windows. This balcony is a masterpiece of wood carving.
The Stone Temple of Batsala Devi: which is also located in the Durbar square is full of intricate carvings. This temple also sets a beautiful example of Shikhara style of architecture in Nepal. There is a bronze bell on the terrace of the temple which is also known as the "bell of barking dogs". This colossal bell, placed in 1737 A.D. was used to sound curfew during that time.
Nyatapola Temple: This five-storey pagoda was built in 1702 A.D. by King Bhupatindra Malla. It stands on a five-terraced platform. On each of the terraces squat a pair of figures; two famous wrestlers, two elephants, two lions, two griffins and Baghini and Singini the tiger and the lion goddesses. This is one of the tallest pagodas and is famous for its massive structureand subtle workmanship.
Dattatraya Temple: Built in 1427 A.D. this temple is said to have been built from trunk of a single tree. Near this temple is a monastery with exquisitely carved peacock windows.
Changu Narayan: Situated at the end of a long ridge which runs well into the Valley, it is said to have been built by King Hari Dutta in 323 A.D. and said to be the oldest temple in the Valley.
Nagarkot: Nagarkot is a popular tourist resort of Nepal. It is situated 32 kilometers east of Kathmandu at an altitude of 2,175 m. above the sealevel. The panorama of the major peaks of eastern Nepal Himalayas
Nepal is a land of Festivals with some part of the Himalayan country as well or the other celebrating some festival during everyday of the year. Festivals may be linked with the remembrance of the departed soul, to herald the different seasons, to mark the beginning or end of the agricultural cycle, to mark the national events, or just family celebrations. On a festive day the Nepalese take their ritual bath, worship different gods and goddesses, visit temple, observe fasting and undertake feasting.
The most important aspect of Nepali culture is the religious harmony and understanding prevailing among the Hindus and Buddhist and others as well. Some of the major festivals of Nepal are:
- New Year's Day-April 14,(First day of Baisakh)
- Buddha Jayanti (The birth day of lord Buddha) - (May 14)
- Machchendranath Rath Jatra (specially in Kathmandu valley) - (May-June)
- Guru Poornima (August)
- Gaijatra (August)
- Krishnashtami - (August-September)
- Gokarna Aunsi or Father's Day - (August-September)
- Indra Jatra - (September)
- Bada Dashain - (September-October)
- Tihar (the second biggest festival of Nepal and it is also called the festival of light)- (October-November)
- Bala Chaturdarshi - (November-December)
- Maha Shivaratri ( the birth night of God shiva) - (March-April)
- Ghode Jatra - (March-April